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vocabulary La Rochefoucauld: "Stubbornness is born of the limitations of our minds: we are reluctant to believe what goes beyond our horizons."

(port. Capoeira, /ka.puˈej.ɾɐ/ ) a martial art common in Brazil. With a background music, with national motifs, the fight combines several elements: dance movements, elements of the game, and combinations of acrobatics. In this martial art are mainly used frequent kicks and low positions. Acrobatics is considered the main part in capoeira, which is used most often.

History: for hundreds of years capoeira was used by slaves to fight against the masters in Brazil (the first information dates back to the second half of the 17th century, when runaway slaves formed a "Palm State" in the jungle, which fought off the outnumbering Portuguese for several decades. In many respects this was due to the hand-to-hand combat, because the flint weapons of that time were far from perfect), as this fighting system was born among the slaves of African origin, it is believed that some prototype of this system existed in Africa, but it was in the "fazends" this martial system became what we know it to be. But the really authentic mentions of this system date back to the 18th century, in the "interrogation lists" of colonial courts recording the investigation of those rebellious slaves who were captured. As far as we can tell, "capoeira" means "jungle school," since capoeiros are a type of jungle thicket. Read more about the history of the slave martial art.


And here we see a parallel with the history of the development of karate, under the slogans "death to the Japanese invaders" originated on Okinawa Island among ordinary peasants. After all, the first information mentioning karate was mentioned in the interrogation protocols, and these schools were also called "bush schools", "thicket schools", and beared national liberation character. But in the case of capoeira, there is more pressure from the official authorities than in the Okinawa schools. An early karate fighter is a peasant: unarmed, but personally free. And a capoeira fighter is not just a runaway slave, but a slave already arrested (that is, tied up, led under escort) or at least seeking to avoid arrest.

With the passage of time, the modern martial art form has undergone a number of changes. Capoeira is no longer used in combat, but is a fight in which no direct contact is used. Every year World championships in the sport are held. The key role in capoeira is played by music, the appearance of the participant and certification. The spread and opening of Capoeira schools had its own special path.

Other definitions in the section "Martial arts: types"

vocabulary La Rochefoucauld: "Stubbornness is born of the limitations of our minds: we are reluctant to believe what goes beyond our horizons."